The social program assumes an excursion to the famous historical places in Samarkand and Tashkent.
Additional excursions could be organized for the accompanying persons.
Samarkand. The region of Samarkand is located in the center of Uzbekistan, near the Zarafshan River basin, and is 16,000 square kilometers. The population includes more than two million people, half of which inhabit the rural areas. The region is divided into 16 administrative districts with Samarkand City in the center, inhabited by 366,000 people. History. “Precious pearl of the Islamic world” and “face of the ground” were the names given to Samarkand by the poets and historians of the past. Like Tashkent, Samarkand has a 2500-year-old history. The convenient geographical location of Samarkand in the Zarafshan River basin made this city an important crossroads on the great Silk Road. Samarkand is a popular tourist centers both in Uzbekistan and in Central Asia. Founded in the 1st century b.c., it was originally called Marchanda. Under the rule of Amir Temur, the region prospered. Born in the city of Shakhrisabs, Temur made Samarkand the capital of his great empire which stretched from the Ind River to the Bosfore River. Registan Square was for many centuries, and remains, the center of Samarkand. Many centuries ago, Small River crossed the square where the first madrassa was constructed. Years passed and the river dried up leaving only the sand in the riverbed. Registan means “the sandy spot.” In the 15th century the first madrassa was founded here. Beginning from that time, all celebrations, festivals, and Sunday bazaars have taken place in Registan square. There are a number of mausoleums and mosques in Samarkand that were built by Amir Temur. The Shakhi-Zinda Mausoleum was built in the 14th and 15th centuries under Temur’s rule and is the burial place of most of his female relatives. The Gur-Emir Mausoleum was constructed by Temur’s order to honor his dearly loved grandson, Mukhammad Sultan, who died prematurely. The Juma Mosque built in 1399 in honour of Amir Temur’s wife, Bibi Khanum, is one of the most magnificent buildings in Samarkand. Culture. Many tourists visit Samarkand to pay homage to the relics and sacred places of the Islamic world. One can visit the grave of Saint Kusam ibn-Abbas, a place that during the middle age, when visited was regarded equal to a Hadj to Mecca. Samarkand with its unique historical and architectural monuments, age-old national traditions and holidays and secrets of Asian cuisine awaits guests to this experience of time long gone.
Tashkent. The district of Tashkent is in northeast region of Uzbekistan, between the west ridges of Tian-Shan mountains and Syr-Darya river. It has a continental climate with mild winters and dry and hot summers; and a population of 2.5 million people. Tashkent city is the administrative center of the district, where more than 2 million people live. Tashkent is the political, business, scientific, and cultural center of Uzbekistan, and it aspires to rank one of the beautiful cities in Central Asia. History. Tashkent is more than 2,000 years old. Its name has been changed many times during its: Chach, Shash, Binkent. All of these names could be related to the Turkish word “Tash” (stone) that gave a name to the city Tashkent (means “stone settlement”). Actually, the city rose on a place with a similar name, located on the mountain crossroads that played an important role in trade between East and West. At that time, Tashkent was a citadel that repulsed attacks of nomad tribes. But Tashkent was also, and remains to be, an important international transport center. Despite the fact that many of historical monuments were destroyed after the revolution of 1917 and others in an earthquake in 1966, unique historical monuments including the Kukeldash and Barak Khana madrassas erected in 16th century survive to this day. During the years of independence, the capital of the Uzbek state has completely changed: many beautiful fountains have been constructed to decorate squares and parks of the city; newly constructed buildings decorated in national style look very impressive; and international airports and railway stations have been reconstructed to provide passengers with top service on the ground and in the sky. Culture. Today Tashkent is famous as one of the world’s science and cultural centers. The Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre is truly unique in its architecture and interior design. Theatrical Square with a splendid fountain adjoining the theatre is a favorite place of recreation for Tashkenters and guests of the capital. There are 20 museums in Tashkent including the Uzbek Museum of Fine Arts one of the largest in Central Asia. Collections in the museum, would do honor to any capital city. The Tashkent metro, faced with marble, granite, and ceramic tiles, leaves an impression on the guests of the Republic. Decorated in an eastern style, it is considered one of the most beautiful and spacious metro networks in the world.